Weimar Political Parties 1924 -  1928

Weimar Political Parties 1924 – 1928

hello everybody welcome back this is history with orbs with another via Germany video and in this one going to have a look at by mark political parties from 1924 through to 1928 so this period is generally known as the Golden Age of the vomer Republic and I'll make a few videos addressing whether this actually deserves to be called Golden Age but in this one I'm going to be looking at specifically the political parties in some level of detail what they stood for whom they attracted in terms of voters and what they did during this period because this is a period of change and obviously after this period we see the ascension of the Nazis which then leads to the Nazis taking over and all the tragedy there and before this period we see basically the left-wing dominated SPD in government with several attempts both from the extreme left and the extreme right to take power so let's have a quick recap of vine' well politics before we begin now this is sort of the spectrum of politics which I have addressed here in bright colors for you all to see so basically at the very far left the extreme left we have the KPD and the KPD who are in red or the Communists so they are the hardline communists they are anti-democratic they want to overthrow the government now the USPD are the independent SPD or the independent Socialist Party of Germany and they break off from the SPD now I believe this was because they didn't agree with Germany's war because they were socialists so they said why should we fight for you know the the bosses the capitalists when we should just be free this isn't our war this is an imperialistic war so they sort of qualified they're not as hard line as the KPD but they're not as liberal men are as you know centrist as the SPD so they sort of half communist half socialist I would say now the yellow are the centrist so we have the DDP and they were quite popular among scholars and things and the central part I and said whom even though it literally means Center and it's quite easy to place them they are slightly right of center I would say because they are the Catholic party so they would be seen as slightly right center now in light green we have the right wing so at the bvp and the D EVP for example and then I would class the dnvp and the NSDAP as far right especially during this period the dnvp and actually the DVP as well they both drift further right towards the NSDAP which of course would later become the Nazi Party now the present would be elected every 7 years and the president would choose the preparer the Chancellor as well now we have the high scrap which was the regional government representing the states and I think the amount of people who sat in that government was proportional to how large the state was and how many people were in the state and we also have the highest AG where there were elections every four years although this this was pretty fluctuating you know a lot of different covenant saps and fell during this period and during the whole of Weimar and these guys basically together if they both agreed on it they would pass laws okay so first of all we're gonna have to look at the very far left at the KPD and the USPD so this is theis parsa's flag which was used in the spot assist uprising on in and around the 5th of January 1919 when the left-wing extremist communists part assists that's quite a mouthful tried to take over the vinyl republic it was especially in berlin but also around Berlin a few other places there were quite a few very far left-wing uprisings in Germany at this time and it's telling that the flag is the same because basically de-spawn assists who weren't killed and like you know rosa luxemburg and karl liebknecht and they decided to take the democratic route of trying to uproot democracy which I always find hilarious because they're trying to get rid of democracy by playing along with democracy and using votes to get rid of it but you know that's why I'm not a communist but the KPD so they're supported by the lower-class working citizens and that's means they have very strong support in industrial areas because you saw the poor guys these are the ones who are going to benefit from communism also they think so these areas will include the hue where there was actually an uprising as well as Hamburg Saxony and in Berlin as well there was quite an industrial scene and you know people in the lower classes so what were they well they were anti-democratic and they wanted a communist revolution to overthrow the Republic now in fact they were literally traitors because they were controlled by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Russia and if you're not aware the Soviet Union was a communist it's called itself socialist but it attempted to become communist and it was communist in this period so they actually took their orders directly from Soviet Russia because they were the big communists on the scene so all around Europe these communist parties they would often look to the Soviet Union now they attempted to overthrow the government in several risings in 1919 as I've already mentioned the Spartacus rising you also have the who were rising of 1920 which was at the same time as the cup push they took this upon themselves to form their own Soviet republic in the who region as the cup butch was going on because the government couldn't stop them of course the cup butch was later stopped by a general strike and then they sent in the Frey Corps and the army and many hundreds of people were massacred well the Soviet soldiers the revolutionaries were as well as the the foundation of the Bavarian Socialist Republic in 1919 in Bavaria which also fell shortly afterwards now after 1924 the KPD sought to destroy the Republic from within itself instead of actually going out having these revolutions and tried to overthrow them violently so they try to help the working class but actually what they do is they end up splitting the vote so for example something that in British politics happens is you have the Labour Party which is the big quote/unquote left-wing party and you also have the Green Party who are the environmental feminists titty guys I know I'm generalizing but that's sort of who they are but then what you end up having is people will vote for the Green Party who are a left-wing party but that takes votes away from the Labour Party so essentially they split the vote which doesn't help them in the long run which means that the Conservatives on the right end up doing better in the elections because they don't have this other large right-wing party to stop them getting from this stop them from getting these votes and it's sort of the same in Weimar Germany here now moving on to the SPD who are slightly more center-left and these guys are very big in the varmint republic they are basically the founders of the violent republic so here we have one of their election posters and as you can see it says gig and pop and each leveled tailmon and basically it means against tarp and i think he was a Nazi Hitler well obviously he was a Nazi and tailor man was the KPD candidate in 1925 and the arrows here are representing the top one is obviously monarchy with a crown the second one is Nats ISM with the swastika and third one is communism with the hammer and sickle in a translates to the SPD against monarchy Nats ISM and communism and that was their stance it was Center left so the SPD were the largest single group in the Reichstag during the period of 1924 to 1928 and they were the founders and the supporters of the democracy because remember it was thanks to free place a death in 1919 1918 sorry that's the Vimal republic you know became a thing after a chancellor max quit now they only participated in one out of the total of six correlations in this period which hints at that the democracy isn't working now they had proportional representation which means that every vote counts but then this is sort of showing that if there were only at one of the total of six coalition's but they're not really being represented if but most people are voting for them why aren't they getting the most you know out of the government now there are left of centre party as I've said and they become more liberal but they still hold on to the oldest socialist slice because they are the socialist apartheid Deutschland so the Socialist Party of Germany and this made it often unacceptable for people on the right of them and on the left of them to work with them and it made them rather unflexible in government so they were hard to work with and they often didn't know which way to go on issues which meant that it was hard to work with him in a coalition which might explain why they only got into one out of the total of six and the voters for these guys would include industrial workers and trade unionists so it's sort of the working-class not quite as maybe poor as the people who would vote KPD you SBD but sort of still the working class now they weren't particularly popular popular with youngsters or with women and they definitely weren't popular with the middle class because quite rightfully they would want to cross conflation which hit the middle class really hard now moving on to Zen come to the centre party now here we have the various family hi Matt underbite that's central so what that basically means is who protect the family now hi mark is quite a difficult one to translate it's sort of its region its district its area locality that kind of thing it's very important in Germany and work the center part you know does sense room literally being the center and it's it's pretty central in politics it's slightly right of center it is the Roman Catholic party but that's their stance so they protect things like traditional values and the region the sort of local area and also you know work as a massive thing for Vimal now it's the party for the defence of the Roman Catholic population and they were persecuted quite heavily under the German Empire Bismarck really didn't like Catholics and he actually passed several laws barring Catholics from getting into higher positions well there was quite a large Roman Catholic population in Germany especially in the south as well as the West so along the Rhine you have quite a lot of Catholics living there so ie India though who were the Tsar and the Rhineland now because the party was founded along religious lines rather than social lines it had massive appeal basically if you have this whole Catholic population anyone who's Catholic has a vested interest to vote for example whereas if you are say voting for the SPD then it's a very specific group of you know industrial guys because if we're if you're a right way you're not going to vote for the SPD but you can be a left-wing and adjust your guy and a Catholic and you'll vote for the SPD or you can be a rich landowner in the south of right-wing it and still vote for central I'm sorry so it's quite a clever party in that way it can get quite a few votes and they were in every major coalition during this period but it's slightly more difficult for them to them because they have such a wide support base to vote on certain issues because obviously the industrial worker is a Catholic is going to have very different ideas to the landowner whose Catholic and yeah it is the central party but it's slightly further to the right than being exactly in the center of politics and it shifted further right in 1928 under the leadership of Heine facial pruning now moving on to the GDP and the DVP now this one is Venter mind partite the deutsche fork sparked a vote from my party the German People's Party and here is the motto for the DVP it says fair work for everyone in the city and the countryside from the left from the right against dictators German Democratic Party and these are centrist / right-wing parties so the DVP it stands for the German People's Party now a very clever trick do you decide upon whether a party just based on the name is on the left or the right if there is a P in it in they are often on the left but as you can see these two aren't if there is a V in it they are likely going to be on the right there aren't any left-wing parties with vision so they were part of every major coalition during this period meaning that the center-right parties generally do quite well in this era they're supported by both the academics and by the industrialists and after the very successful career of Gustav Stresemann who have mentioned several times zero percent stress 100 percent demand the partly shifted further to the right wing to fit with the times now the DDP are the German Democratic Party and they're also supportive of the democracy and of the Weimar Republic now like the DVP it's also been part of every major coalition in this period meaning that these you know these smaller slightly right-wing parties they tend to do quite well and it drew support as well from academics and professional groups but it's slightly unclear what they actually stood for so they became less and less popular as time goes on because obviously a few things for the Communists you know what you're going in for if you're voting for the dvn P or the dnvp I always get it mixed up I think it's the DN T evidence just go at it you know what you're going to get you know what they stand for but these Center parties it's slightly grayer you don't really know as strongly what you're going to vote for now at the nvp they go the dnvp now this one veils fast vice Court does is boys Nationale so vote black white red that is Germany and the black white red is in reference to the old German Imperial flag and the dnvp is the deutsches nationalist this evokes Part A which is the German nationalist People's Party or the German nation's People's Party as I put there so that traditionally the party that's supported by the landowners especially in the east of Germany you know the old guys so the east of Germany would be for example Prussia which is the state that was dominant in the old gym at the height so by the 1920s their support base has expanded considerably to include industrialists and professional groups and even some of the workers who might traditionally have voted communist or SPD because they stand for the nation they stand for the old Empire and they want to return to those ways because if you think about it that life was a lot better under the Empire even if the SPD were promising so-called social welfare reforms and more equality that kind of thing life was still better than the vampire so many people wanted to go back to those sort of days and so they voted for parties like the dnvp now their stance wards anti-republican anti-treaty of sex-ay and they often refuse to enter coalition's with other parties and the SPD really didn't like them because wealth their anti everything the SPD stand for so the SPD also actually refused to govern alongside the dnvp which just complicates things now in 1926 they actually do join a cabinet under hunts Luthor and that of rehabber marks in 1927 but it doesn't really work out for them and in 1928 they lose a lot of support to what's called the grand coalition and they return to their anti-democratic way of thinking and with the leadership of Hugenberg in 1929 it entered into an alliance with the NSDAP and then obviously moved further right because whilst you're working with the Nazis you're going to go further right and again here is another poster for them a lot of their sort of iconography symbolism relates back to the old right now this literally translates to down with the internationals vote German nationalists and as you can see there are some a group of men I assume are raising the old German Imperial flag and in the corner a can see the new flag the gold red and black banner of the far more republic drifting to the ground now with another trek right we land at the doorstep of an old Hitler and the NSDAP often shortened to the Nazi Party now it stood for the nationalist Socialist German Workers Party and the party turned to democratic means after it failed in the Munich Beer Hall Putsch of 1923 when a lot of its leadership and membership actually as well as adult Hitler who became the leader were thrown in jail because obviously they were terrorists through much of this period Hitler wasn't actually allowed to speak he was only allowed to speak in public well snot I'll have to speak Hitler could speak but not speak in public until about 1927 and his stormtroopers who were often shortened to F a and the very party the NSDAP were also banned up until this time now in this era Hitler uses it to sort of reorganize the party and he becomes the very nucleus of power in the NSD if he he makes sure there's no one else who's countering his arguments in the party and he becomes the sole leader now though he lost 100,000 votes in the 1928 election to this grand coalition which had a broad base I think stretching from sdp right the way into the right wing they do start to gain a following among the Protestant farmers in the north because obviously have the Catholics in the south who will vote zentrum you have you know the desert niche of the Communists the Socialists that kind of thing so Hitler and the NSDAP they try and get into the rural population because the urban population they were going down the route of the left-wing going down the route of cabaret of showiness of homosexuality openness liberal necessity you know the music's the arts surrealism and the countryside people were very much still traditional and Hitler exploits this niche and he starts to get people there to vote for the NSDAP although at this period it's still very small and they don't do particularly well now they also campaign against the young plan which I mentioned in a previous video about the economics of the Vimal Republic and how they try to pay the reparations but this campaign against the young plan which is really stupid basically in my opinion because this campaign is basically saying well we're not going to apply any of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles we're going to invade all the territory taken off us by the Treaty of Versailles and we're basically going to shove a big huge middle finger in the face of the Allies that was their plan I think it was called from like the freedom plan or the freedom something along those lines but that was their plan but by doing this Hitler does give himself good exposure and makes a name for himself which is as good as anything now if you've been following the u.s. election you know that the media have said pretty much anything about Donald Trump and terrible but as the old saying goes any publicity is good publicity and with the nationalist Socialist German Workers Party you can clearly see that there is there are two main branches to the name you have nationalist on the one hand and socialists and you can see this in the iconography and in the posters of the Nazi Party at this time now this one reads sections free from Marxist stupidity vote nationalist socialist and this is clearly a sort of nationalist symbolism going on here with the big strong man you know forking up the year I think that's probably a little Jewish guy who's Marxist as well by the looks of things to show you know that the Germans are strong and the proud Aryan roots of their race but in the bottom one it says worker your head your fists vote for the froude soldier Hitler and this is a lot more socialist you have again the strongman looking over you know huge muscles initiative from working he's a hard worker he's a laborer with his hammer and again this looks a lot more like socialism so if the Nazi probably played their cards right they can hook into both the right-wing the old monarchist the old guard you know the Nash analysts who want to make Germany a great country again as well as the Socialists on the Left who are just workers so if they can do this right which they end up doing tragically then the Nazi Party was a force to be reckoned with but in this period it didn't really do their cards right they weren't really a major figure in politics but they definitely would be in about three years time all right so this has been my video on the political parties active enzyme a–from 1924 to 1928 the so-called Golden Age of Vimal so I really hope that this has been somewhat informative and that you've learned some things that you've enjoyed it may be in that it hasn't been too boring because there's been a lot of text and it's a very long video but if you'd like to see more of this kind of thing if you'd like to know more about anything or you'd like some additional revisions guide help thing just leave a comment below and I'd be happy to send it to you alright everyone thank you very much for watching and I will let you go now so thanks very much for watching as I just said this has been history with Elvis hoping to see you again soon

48 thoughts on “Weimar Political Parties 1924 – 1928

  1. DNVP does sound promising monarchast Germany great and zentrum sounds great because i would never be communist SPD sounds ok in thery but does not work in practice sence they are a little more socalist and if anything i would be more right becuase i would rather die than be a communist relly i would i would support a republic which is nomrally conciderd to be more right but i dont care i would rather not be a communist becuase in thery and practice marxism does not work

  2. 4:50 no country has ever reached the state of communism. They were very much a totalitarian socialist country. Also its debatable if they were controlled comepletely by the USSR. But please, continue with your half-knowledge on that topic.

  3. This political scale isn't consistent. What are you measuring from right to left? If it's an economic scale then it's pretty much agreed the Nazis were not supporters of the free market. If it's a level of authoritarianism well then it clearly doesn't make sense because the communists and Nazis share many of the same ideals in terms of authoritarianism.

  4. It s no wonder the germs got tired of trying to figure out what the other parties stood for does anyone want to count the number of initials used as references in this video. I don t. Nfw

  5. Was it really necessary to put up a traffic light chart with the right wing in green? Seems like you're going from bad to good, which hopefully was not the intention.

  6. I love these videos, and learning about the conditions that led to the rise of Hitler. It's something that we must all understand, objectively and dispassionately.

  7. Curiously, the NSDAP are placed on the far-right. They should be right next to the KPD. Their collectivism, socialist principles & state control – later turned into policies – make them obviously unfit to be on the right.
    Papen was not a Nazi btw..

  8. Let's hear about the pedophilia, bestiality, poor, struggling normal, heterosexual Germans, etc.

    Let's make this clear. The Weimar Republic of Germany was no liberal paradise. It may have been a rich pervert's paradise but that's it.

  9. NSDAP won because they hit the core issue.

    They give big welfare so everyone like em. Then they are nationalist so the jingos usually right wing also love them. And they are socialist so the left wing love them. Communist in Germany tried civil war but lost so they are out from the picture. They also acts like Zentrum aka praising catholics.

    The idea of giving people money and welfare sounded weird but attracts people in economic downturn. Basically promise everyone everything. To the employers they promise higher profit, to the employees higher wage. To the farmers better profit, to the customers lower price.

    How to pay for all that? Well, start the tank engine Hans. Go mongol.

  10. God I HATE the left/right spectrum, it is for the most part utterly meaningless, pejorative and subjective. Even if you can reach a consensus on what left and right actually mean (every ideology seems to have its own definition) then you have the controversial problem of placing particular parties and individuals on it. Personally I think people and parties should be referred to by what they are (liberal, conservative, socially conservative socialist, national socialist, national conservative, marxist-leninist etc.) with the utmost detail, not where someone subjectively thinks they are on some imaginary spectrum.

  11. Would you mind writing the complete names of the parties and not just the acronyms?

    For someone that wasn't born in Germany most acronyms mean nothing at all

  12. Was there a monarchist party that wasn't far-right? I would imagine a lot of people still being pro-monarchist at the time but still like the idea of democracy. A somewhat constitutional monarchy maybe?

  13. A correction: National Socialism is a left wing ideology and should be placed in parallell with the USPD. The only real difference between their variants of socialism is that NSDAP:s (meaning "National Socialistic Party for the German Workers") socialism didn't have a international goal wheres the communists goals was to enslave the whole of humanity. That's the main reason why KPD and NSDAP fought so bitterly: they fought for the same group of voters with a similar message.

    The main difference was that NSDAP understood that people have historical and cultural roots and that socialism must be disguised in a traditional guise in order to be appealing to people. Stalin realized much the same and that was the reason why he abolished much of the cultural radical "reforms" from Lenins time, above all during "the Great Patriotic War" (it wouldn't have been called that in Lenins time or under Trotskij 🙂 ). It is manly this difference (and political propaganda from left wing extremists) that have made people believe that National Socialism and NSDAP belongs on the right side of the political spectrum. But that part was mostly a charade to implement a state run, centrally planned, economy and "Gleichschaltung" of the different German countries i.e. typically left wing policies.

    In Marxist-Leninist nomenclature "socialism" means the stage before communism and communism means that humanity has reached a technical level so that all goods can be produced in such quantities that all needs can be fulfilled. This goal can of course never be reached as needs tend to increase as the technological development progresses. That was the reason why the Soviet Union and all other socialistic countries never have called themselves "communistic countries": for them it wasn't about the ideology that governed the country or an attempt to deny the ideology but a statement of how far they had come in the societal and technical development (from their point of view).

  14. Soviet Russia was far from Communist at this time, and was lead by the infamous State Capitalist, Yousef Stalin. As the USSR had both a right-wing and a left-wing, with Marxists and Trotskyists on the left, and State Capitalists and Stalinists on the right.

  15. Having seen the whole video, I have to say, you really dropped the ball here, Hilbert. Your own biases come out rather obviously, your generalisations are at times simply too over-reaching and misleading. The bit about Rosa Luxemburg in particular, and the fact that you call the Sozialdemokratische Partei the Sozialistische Partei, these are simply factually wrong and misleading. Your attempts to compare to British politics is less than helpful in several respects, particularly as Britain has no proportional representation, and, to be honest, you just come across as naive, young, and poorly informed. I did like some of the other videos, though.

  16. It is probably not useful to the English-only speakers, but for the bilingual the full names of all these acronyms would be helpful in remembering them. I know we can look this up, but for next time, you may consider saying the full name at least at the beginning. e.g. DDP= Deutsche Demokratische Partei, a liberal party. I think this would be useful to many.

  17. KPD wasn't anti-democracy. It wanted a different kind of democracy where the working class ruled, unlike the current form of democracy where the bourgeoisie rules.

  18. As others have noted, Franz von Papen was a Monarchist rather than a Nazi. He was a conservative Catholic, a staunch supporter of Kaiser Wilhelm II, a militaristic nationalist, and a member of the Zentrum party. He was a fellow traveler of the German People's Party (DVP), German National People's Party (DNVP), and later the National Socialist German Worker's Party (NSDAP) only insofar as they were all opposed to the KPD and SPD.

  19. 17:20 sounds exactly what has been happening in recent US history, with the radical right establishing its base in rural America.

  20. Heimat means like home but it's more the area you live in rather than a house
    keep up the good work very informative and nice-made video but for me as a German it's not accurate enough

  21. you are confusing bourgeois democracy with worker's democracy. Communists make the difference between the two.

  22. Nazi is short for national. National socialists workers party. They're socialists. It was Stalin who called them right wing. The pro family stuff was about having more children so to grow the ranks of the military age men eventually.

  23. You translated the lower Picture totaly wrong at 20:03 correct would be "Laborer of the Mind,Laborer of the Fist,vote for the frontline Soldier Hitler !" … Its important cause they tried to say "for us everyone who has a job is a worker..dont matter if you work with your mind or your muscles"

  24. The nazis are a limbo. “The Nazis were left-wing socialists. Yes, the National Socialist Workers Party of Germany, otherwise known as the Nazi Party, was indeed socialist and it had a lot in common with the modern left. Hitler preached class warfare, agitating the working class to resist “exploitation” by capitalists , particularly Jewish capitalists, of course. Their programs called for the nationalization of education, health care, transportation, and other major industries. They instituted and vigorously enforced a strict gun control regimen. They encouraged pornography, illegitimacy, and abortion, and they denounced Christians as right-wing fanatics. Yet a popular myth persists that the Nazis themselves were right-wing extremists. This insidious lie biases the entire political landscape today.” -Some blog I forgetThey did this, but denounced the KPD and spartacists. Kinda odd.

  25. Nazis are Far Right read a book please. Right wing means you support hierarchy not necessarily capitalism. The Nazis were far right socially and centrist economically. But again economics doesn’t make you left or right. These are facts I don’t care what Prager university tells you. The horse shoe theory is Bullshit. Marxist and Nazis fucking hate each other. This coming from a rightwing nationalist

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