CNN Student News – May 27, 2017 | U.S. FDA Proposes Changes Sugar Label

CNN Student News – May 27, 2017 | U.S. FDA Proposes Changes Sugar Label


Welcome to 10 minutes of commercial- free
current events. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. Hope your Thursday is going well. We`re starting in Syria. The situation in
this Middle Eastern country is the world`s largest humanitarian crisis. That`s according
to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. Hundreds of thousands of people have been
killed in Syria`s ongoing civil wars, started in 2011. More than 11 million have fled their
homes. And the ISIS terrorist group, which wants to create
its own country, has taken over large parts of Syria. Amid everything that`s going on, ISIS is destroying
historic artifacts. The Muslim militants have taken aim at many relics that aren`t associated with Muslim culture. They recently murdered
a Syrian professor who refused to pledge to ISIS and to tell them where certain archeological
treasures are in the Syrian city of Palmyra. He wasn`t the only Syrian peacefully defending
his county`s artifacts. This is the centerpiece in the heart of the
Syrian Antiquities Ministry`s efforts to save this country`s cultural heritage, of
course, in this time of the civil war. What you can see here is these volunteers here
are cataloguing small pieces — we can look at them — of artifacts
that have been found in various places here in the country. Of course, some of them in
places that are now controlled by ISIS. Now, all of them are going to get a number,
and then afterwards, what`s going to happen is they`re going to go to the station over
here where you can see that all these pieces are photographed. And the folks here have already done an amazing
amount of work. They`ve catalogued more than 150,000 pieces already, 35,000 of those from
the Palmyra area alone. So, they`ve been working a lot and under very
difficult conditions, because these building here has taken mortar rounds in the past.
There have been scientists from this building that have been
killed and yet the folks come here almost every day to continue this work. See if you can ID me. I`m a water-soluble
compound found in many plants. I`m a group of simple carbohydrates and my most common
form is sucrose. I`m sugar, naturally extracted from sugarcane
and sugar beads and I`m pretty sweet. A controversial proposal concerning sugar.
It comes from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which overseas the safety and labeling of
the foods Americans eat. It wants new nutrition
labels to clearly show the added sugars in foods. We`re not talking about what`s naturally
occurring in fruits for instance, but how many grams
of sugar food makers add to that. The FDA wants the recommended value for the
average adult to be 50 grams of added sugars. The sugar associated, which represents some
major U.S. sugar producers opposes this. It says the scientific
evidence used in the FAA`s dietary guidelines is limited and weak, and that it doesn`t meet
the FDA`s own scientific standards. The FDA recommends 300 grams of carbs a day,
2.4 of sodium and 65 for fat. But sugar? I have no idea, and that`s probably because the industry doesn`t want
me to. I read nutrition labels. Almost all nutrients
have a percent daily value that gives consumers a yard stick for how much they should be eating
or drinking. Sugar stands out because it doesn`t
have one. Because the food industry fought against it.
The sugar industry is very good at labeling and very, very good at getting what it wants. The sugar industry has spent at least $54
million lobbying since 2009. Soda and beverage companies, well, they spent $113 million fighting measures like sugar taxes during the same
period. Right now, the industry wants the federal
Food and Drug Administration to drop proposal for labeling sugar. The agency thinks the
added information will actually discourage the average American
from eating more than 50 grams of sugar a day. Most Americans eat twice amount of sugar than
this particular cap. And Americans aren`t overdosing on fruit.
They`re getting high on added sugar. We`re not just talking soda and ice cream — ketchup. Four grams of sugar per tablespoons. Salad dressing, tomato sauce, even cereals
that are marketed as healthy. That means this is 24 percent, a quarter,
of the amount of sugar that you`re allowed to have for an entire day. Fruit juices. Orange juice has as much sugar in it as a
soft drink. And how about this one? Bread. But I look here, wheat, flour, eggs — sugar
is the third ingredient. Is the third ingredient. So, every one of these has 10 percent of the
day`s sugar allotment. I bet they`re delicious. Hypothetically, you can have a cup of this,
a cup of this, a teaspoon of that, this, a cup of this, and you`re maxed out for the
day. Oh, absolutely. Absolutely. I mean, easily, right? With no trouble at all. So, that`s why food companies are so opposed
to having this daily value on the food label because they know that customers will be shocked
when they see how much sugar there is in products where
they might have suspected. From our “Roll Call” request page at CNNStudentNews.com
— Santa Fe Christian School is watching this Thursday. In Solana Beach, California, look up to the Eagles. To the U.S. heartland, in Carthage, Missouri,
the Tigers are on the prowl. Good to see Carthage High School. And for the first time in our “Roll Call”,
we`re visiting Romania, in the capital of Bucharest. Hello to the American International
School of Bucharest. The “Roll Call” is a chance for your school
to get recognized on CNN STUDENT NEWS. There`s one place where you look for your request.
Each day`s transcript page at CNNStudentNews.com.
Just click the words that say “Roll Call”. We announced schools from all over the world,
but you`ve got to be at least 13 years old to make a request. One comment per day, keeping
the spam away, is the way to go to get in our show. The New Horizon spacecraft has traveled for
more than nine years, covering over 3 billion miles to give us our closest view yet of Pluto. Launched January 19th, 2006 from Cape
Canaveral, the piano-sized spacecraft is the first to visit the icy world discovered more
than 80 years ago. When astronomer Clyde Tombaugh first saw Pluto
on February 18th, 1930, he only saw a pinpoint of light. Tombaugh was using the best technology
he had — a telescope at Lowell Observatory in
Flagstaff, Arizona. Flash forward to 1994, the Hubble space telescope
floating high above Earth`s atmosphere snapped this image of Pluto and its farthest moon Charon. Then, in 1996, Hubble gave us this. A mosaic of images snapped between 2002 and
2003 was assembled in 2010 to give us the most detailed view of Pluto at that time. Pluto isn`t the final destination for the
New Horizon Spacecraft. The probe will keep flying and deeper into space to explore a
region scientists think is filled with hundreds of small icy
objects. Of course, space exploration doesn`t happen
cheaply. NASA says the New Horizon`s mission costs about $700 million, which is about a
middle of the road price for missions in our solar system.
What it sent back — what appears to be a flyover of the Pluto, formerly known as a
planet. Scientists say these are mountains that rise
about as high over Pluto as the Rocky Mountains do in the western U.S. The New Horizon spacecraft
was about 7,700 miles away from Pluto`s surface
when it recorded these images. NASA says it will take more than a year to download all
the information gathered by the spacecraft on this flyby. One other thing NASA is assisting in, robots,
and not just the kind that explore Mars, the kind that battle on earth. One of the ones
you`re seeing here is built by MegaBots. It`s a company
that makes gigantic fighting robots with formidable weapons, like a paint ball cannon. The company recently challenged a similar
one from Japan to a giant robot fight. MegaBots is trying to raise half a million dollars
for a bigger, badder, bolder fighting machine. So, you can see what they`re all a-robot.
Will this shift technology into an entirely new gear, creating a machinations of fans,
generating an automaton of interest? It just depends on
how many people get in the heavy metal you all (ph). I`m Carl Azuz of CNN STUDENT NEWS. Just getting
more programming-ready for tomorrow.

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