CNN Student News – January 29, 2018 | 3D printing finds a role in culinary arts | CNN 10

CNN Student News – January 29, 2018 | 3D printing finds a role in culinary arts | CNN 10


Welcome to CNN 10. My name is Carl Azuz, hope
your work or school week is off to a good start. Now that he`s been office for more than a
year, U.S. President Donald Trump is set to give his first State of the Union Address
on Tuesday night. The speech he gave last year is known as an annual
message. One big subject he`s expected to focus on is immigration. The White House issued an immigration reform
plan late last week. Among other things, it would allow 1.8 million people who were in
the U.S. illegally to eventually become U.S. citizens.
That number includes the 700,000 young people who came to America or were brought there
illegally as children. Another major part of the Trump administration`s
plan calls for $25 billion for border security. That would help the wall the president has
called for between the U.S. and Mexico. The plan would
put new restrictions on certain forms of immigration to the U.S. and it would allow the government to deport more people who are in camera illegally
and come from countries that don`t border the U.S. The White House says the plan is a compromise,
that should get support from congressional Democrats and Republicans and fulfill the
president`s immigration priorities as well. But it has
been criticized on both sides of the political aisle. Some Republicans opposed the plan to
allow people who came to the U.S. illegally to achieve
citizenship and some Democrats opposed the plan to put new restrictions on legal immigration
to the U.S. The White House says it`s confident the framework
could get enough votes to pass in the Senate, but that the House of Representatives would
pass a different bill and the two chambers would
then have to find common ground. While part of Europe struggles with heavy
flood conditions, part of Africa struggles with bone dry conditions. We`re starting with
France. The Seine River, which runs through Paris, bursts its
banks over the weekend. The flooding isn`t quite as bad as it was
in 2016, and nowhere near the level it reached during the Great Flood of 1910 when many Parisians
had to evacuate. But though most people there seemed
to be taking this event in stride, officials say it could be another week before the waters
have significantly receded. Stabilize is the word everybody is using this
morning because the situation is headed towards stabilization, the river levels are still
rising and there was some rain overnight. But the Seine here in Paris is expected to
peak sometime during the day today or overnight tonight, at about
a little less than the levels of the flood of 2016. But there are big differences between this
flood and that flood, and one is that December was a very rainy month, and the month of January,
according to some people, was the second wettest in
almost the century. And because that, because of that, the reservoir is around Paris, which
can have a buffering effect on the floodwaters, in fact,
are now full. And if there`s any further rain, it has no place else to go but here. But now, as a precaution, officials in Paris
have evacuated some the low- lying apartments, basement apartments and especially on the
west side of Paris, and they have taken works of art out of some of the museums, out of the basements of some museums. They have as
well closed down a gallery in the Louvre here behind me. In terms of damages, there`s no way to estimate
it exactly right now. But officials are saying, a former security official for Paris, for
example, said that he expected it to be in the hundreds
of millions of euros, especially when one considers that the river traffic is a major
transport hub for Paris, the river traffic has been
cut off now for days as well as they won`t be able to determine exactly the extent of
damage because they have to wait until the flood waters go down.
That could be weeks and it can do a proper inspection of the underground railroads, the
footings of the bridges and other things that are presently
submerged. Jim Bittermann, CNN, Paris. Meantime, Cape Town, the second most populated
city in South Africa, is running out of water. Drought is a natural disaster that South Africa is prone to. And for years, the amount of
water being used in the country has exceeded the amount that`s been conserved. In Cape Town, the population has been growing.
It`s now more than 4 million people and the drought the area is facing is the worst in
more than 100 years. The reservoir of the city`s largest
dam is almost completely dried up. People are being told to limit their showers
to 90 seconds. Some are recycling bath water to flush their toilets. And starting in February, people will have to limit their water use
to 13 gallons per person per day. The city`s major has criticized residents,
most of them, for not reducing the amount of water they used though they know there`s
a problem. Some residents have criticized the city for not
doing enough to prepare for the drought. One person CNN spoke to says everyone she knows
who can afford to leave is getting out until things get better
and it`s hope that will listen the strain on the city`s dwindling water supplies. Ten-second trivia. In what field would you find the terms truss,
meuniere and parboil? Culinary arts, construction, dermatology or
fashion design? Though the word truss has several definitions,
all of these terms are used in the field of culinary arts. And here`s another one, 3D printer. They`ve
been used to create everything, from coat hangers and instruments, to cars and cups
and clocks. And a number of engineers have been working
to develop them as virtual chefs. This is easier to do for food that still has to be
cooked afterwards, like breadsticks or ravioli, than
something that`s already hot and ready to eat. But a U.S. university has been experimenting
with the cooking process in an effort to make 3D printed food something you can machine
yourself at home. If you try to imagine what your kitchen would
look like in 10 years, you might have an extra appliance that it doesn`t have today, and that would be a food printer, or maybe
there`ll be sexier name for it. But it allows you to do things you can`t do today. RACHEL CRANE, CNN CORRESPONDENT (voice-over):
It`s easy to dismiss 3D printing food as a novelty. But Columbia`s Creative Machines
Lab, they`re predicting that your future kitchen may have
a 3D printer. Right now, what comes out of the machines isn`t cook. So, the team is trying
to figure out the best way to cook food as it prints. Why do you need to incorporate lasers into
3D printing of food? So, lasers offer you much higher resolution
with cooking as opposed to conventional cooking methods like using an oven, but a
laser, it gives you that accuracy in the resolution and precision you need because now it`s a
pinpoint of energy that you can control where it goes. CRANE: OK. So, show me how this works. So, this guy is just browning the top. And it only cooks about just under a millimeter
of dough on the top. Which doesn`t sound like a lot, but again, if you think about how this will be used on a 3D printer, you`re
only laying down about a millimeter to a food. So, you only really need to cook one to two millimeters. It`s the start of turning 3D food printing
into a consumer product. We`re talking about like printing like goo? A lot of people have this kind of misconception
that is sort of Frankenstein food, right? Right. Doesn`t seem too appetizing, Frankenstein
food. But the ingredients that you put into a food
printer are flower, water. It`s kind of like, I mean, having your own
chef in a way, that really knows everything that your body wants — That`s this magical combination of having
sort of a personalized chef. But also having it relatively low cost and made on the spot. I think when I talked about people about food
printing, the first thing is like, oh, you know, can we make a cake or can we make, you know, some carrots? It`s like, sure, you can
do those things, but why would you want to do that when you have a machine that can pretty
much make any combination of flavors, you know — Right, something so much better than just
like plain carrots. What timeline are we talking here? When do
you think that this will actually be commonplace in people`s kitchens? These lasers, these printers? It`s difficult to predict because it`s more
of a business question than of a technology. Technology is here. If a company wanted to
take this and run with it, it could happen in
a year. A flock of starlings, black speckled birds
is known as a murmuration. And the intricate shapes they form often when there`s a predator nearby are fascinating. This is from
an Instagram post by Katie Davis. It shows the shape-shifting ebb and flow of a recent
murmuration over California. Scientists aren`t sure exactly
how the starlings coordinate to make this happen without a single leader. But one study concluded that they communicate with a small
number of their neighbors to decide where and how to fly. When something startling startles starlings,
staring and starting to dart and dartle, train your eyes on the skies with a fly (ph), to
spy the flyer that gave him the startle. Thank the thing
on the wing, endangering starlings, trigger the change and range your destination, but
for the fervor and furor that stirs and spurs the
alluring demonstration known as murmuration. I`m Dr. Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

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