CNN Student News December 11, 2014

CNN Student News December 11, 2014


Hi, I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for taking ten
minutes for CNN STUDENT NEWS. For more than 80 years, “Time” magazine has named a person
of the year. It started with aviator Charles Lindbergh for 1927. This year it`s not just
one person, it`s all of those who`ve helped fight the Ebola virus in West Africa, the
worst Ebola outbreak in recorded history. “Time`s” managing editor says when there wasn`t
much to stop Ebola`s spread with governments unprepared, some health officials dragging
their feet, it was the first responders, the local doctors, the international aid organizations
who stepped up to save lives and earn recognition as the people of the year. The World Health Organization says almost
18,000 Ebola cases have been diagnosed since the outbreak started. Around 6400 people have
died from it, Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone have been hardest hit, but they are making
progress. Slashed. One really accurate word being used
to describe the U.S. northeast. Moisture from the Atlantic Ocean has clashed with cold air. The results – chilly, miserable rain in some
places, like you are seeing here from Long Island. The New York metro area has gotten
nearly three inches, a record amount of rain this week. And another spots, a winter wonderland
for the moment. The National Weather Service says the six to ten inches of snow in parts
of Maine will be glazed by freezing rain throughout the rest of the week. And the coast will be
battered by gusting wind. It`s like a circular water sprinkler is spiraling
up through New England, and for all of it, a nor`easter is to blame. A nor`easter is a storm that typically happens
in the northeast. That`s not why it`s called the nor`easter, though. The names comes from
the wind, or the prevailing wind that you typically get from that sort of storm, which
is out of the northeast. And the bigger, stronger the storm, the stronger the nor`east wind
is. Nor`easters are typically a weak storm that
make their way across the U.S. and will get a little bit of energy from the jet stream,
and then when it hits the coast, that difference in temperature between the land and the ocean,
that gives them a little bit more in the way of instability and more fuel for the fire. Common characteristics of a nor`easter are
wind, rain, sometimes snow, definitely waves better in the coastline, and because of that
you can get some beach erosion, you can get some coastal flooding. A storm surge is possible
as well. So, a lot of damage can be done not only along the shoreline, but also inland
in form of winds and heavy snow, sometimes nor`easters can dump several feet of snow,
especially at the higher terrain. Nor`easters typically happen anywhere really
from September all the way to May. The more intense ones happen really in the fall and
winter time, but spring time, you can get some nor`easters that have some devastating
winds. Nor`easters and hurricanes are completely
different, because they drive their energy from two completely different sources. Your
hurricanes get your energy from the warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean, and that latent heat
release is what drives the engine. Once a hurricane comes on land, it loses its energy. A nor`easters gets its energy from the differences
between hot and cold, often a blizzard will come from a strong nor`easter, so in some
cases they can be one on the same. Blinding snow wind, winds blowing 35-40 miles an hour,
and obviously, devastating cold. And that`s why the strongest nor`easters typically happen
in fall and winter when you have that dynamic contrast in temperatures. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
That`s a question on the U.S. citizenship test. We`ll give you some options. James Madison,
Thomas Jefferson, or Ben Franklin? The answer later became our third president. It`s Thomas
Jefferson. In North Dakota, state lawmakers are considering
making the citizenship test a requirement to get a high school diploma. Several other
states are debating something like this. Supporters say it will be a step toward improving
young American civics knowledge. Opponents say another test won`t get them more engage
in U.S. history. If the bill passes, students would have to
get 60 out of 100 questions right. Including, the number of justices on the U.S.
Supreme Court. Is it six, eight, nine or 12? The answer, including the Chief Justice is
9. If the president and vice president can no longer serve, who is next in line for the
presidency? The Speaker of the House, the Secretary of State or the Defense Secretary?
The answer is Speaker of the House. In the actual U.S. citizenship test, the answers
are not multiple choice. That men, Romeo and Santa Claus. They are
not just popular characters, they are actual places. There is a city named Batman in Turkey,
a town named Romeo in Colorado, and the Santa Claus in Arizona, Georgia and Indiana. Now,
that`s random and confusing the reindeer. All right. In North Atlanta High School yesterday,
I was asked if I get nervous before anchoring CNN STUDENT NEWS. I was on my very first show,
but not anymore. Partly because I follow several tips for giving a successful speech. Be prepared, knowing your material, be conversational
and practice, practice, practice. I`ve done it. Here`s some message your speech teachers might
cover. Your heart races, sweat drips and neck and
back literally stiffen. Your mouth goes dry. Mark Twain once said, there are two types
of speakers: those who get nervous and those who are liars. But it doesn`t have to be difficult.
There are some very simple ways to become great at speaking your mind. It bugs (ph) my mind how many people are scared
of public speaking. Otherwise known as glossophobia. But it`s definitely a thing. And it`s not just the panic you are feeling,
but that feeling of nausea and physical distress when, fight or flight response kicks in. So, what can you do to get over it? A kind of what the speechwriting gurus from
the Oratory Laboratory to find out. Why do you think people are so afraid of public
speaking? People are afraid of the audience, right?
That`s why they think. They walk in to (INAUDIBLE), everyone is looking at me, right? So, you
are the hero of your story, and when you are giving a speech, you`ve got to remember, that
(INAUDIBLE) as people ask you to tell the story, and it`s your version only, it`s no
one else`s speech. If you remember that, you are going to spend a lot less time being scared
of the audience. So, when people are preparing for the speech,
what are the best ways to kind of prepare in order to be as comfortable as possible? The way you prepare for a speech is the same
way you should prepare for telling any great story. First of all, think of something that makes
you excited, and enframe the speech around that, and really just think about how great
it is. And then let that carry you through the process. With all those tips in mind, we decided to
set up on a sidewalk and face one of the toughest crowds around: New Yorkers. First, Nathan
gave me a few pointers. Just take what you are passionate about, right?
Frame it with a little bit of a story, and then celebrate whatever it is they want to
celebrate. We got a little crowd tonight asked a few
questions. Let`s get a little crowd together. Oh, they are cool. How about you, folks? What`s your name? Jessica. Jessica. What are you doing hanging out in
park? So, what are you writing about? So, what`s the secret sauce? And then, isn`t just a few bits of information
I got, I took a shot at toasting the total stranger. And I just wanted to lift up Jessica – intellectual,
genius, that has been able to come out here today and she didn`t have to spend time in
the office, but she could spend time working on what she cares about, on what she loves
the most. Here`s to never being scared to doing what
you always wanted to do. Here`s to Jessica. If you work at it and you have the confidence
and believe in yourself, you can be a champion as well. Qingdao is a city on China`s east coast, and
it`s where Qingdao Amerasia International School is watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. Thank
you for tuning in from Shandong Province. On the U.S. East Coast we found Cape Elizabeth,
Maine. It`s where the Capers are online at Cape Elizabeth Middle School and at Central
Junior High in the (INAUDIBLE) state of Oklahoma, hello to the Cubs in the city of Moore. The plural of mongoose is mongooses. Why am
I telling you this? Well, it`s not just one mongoose that`s diving into this ball pit.
It`s a business of mongooses. And they didn`t just randomly take over. Workers at the Houston
Zoo filled up a kitty pool with plastic balls to let the mongooses play, dig and generally
have a ball, get it? Digging is part of their normal behavior, playing just adds to the
fun, watching lets us see how cute they are. You can tell they really dig it. They can
ferret out some fun, when let loose, the goose is indoosed (ph) boost loosed up when goosed
up run and help me goose up some puns. I`m Carl Agoose for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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