CNN Student News April 8, 2015

CNN Student News April 8, 2015


Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS, commercial-free
current events for middle and high school classrooms. This Wednesday, April 8, we`re starting with
news involving the U.S. and Cuba. Along with Iran, Sudan and Syria, Cuba is on the U.S.
government`s list of countries that sponsor terrorism. It`s been on that list since 1982
because Cuba`s government was helping communist rebels in Latin America and Africa. But last year, President Obama announced the
U.S. would work toward normalizing relations with Cuba, toward breaking down barriers from
the cold war. Cuba wants off the terrorism sponsor list.
And the U.S. State Department is considering recommending that. U.S. officials say President
Obama is still concerned about Cuba`s record on human rights and Cuban officials have warned
the U.S. not to meddle with their government. Stateside, an announcement yesterday by U.S.
Senator Rand Paul. He`s running for president on the Republican ticket. The Kentucky senator
became the second person to announce his candidacy, but the field is expected to grow in the months
ahead. Last January, California`s governor declared
a state of emergency that was years in the making. A drought that is literally changing
landscapes in California. With water restrictions in place, some folks are spray- painting their
brown lawns green or replacing their grass with artificial turf to keep a green look.
Some pools are being filled in. Desert-style landscaping is popping up. These are all effects on the surface, but
what`s happening in California could have a ripple effect across the country and beyond. So just how bad is this history drought? Well, it`s not just hitting California. This
is a problem across the American West. Take a look at this map. The darker the color,
the drier it is. In fact, one study shows this is the worst drought in the state of
California in 1,200 years. The drought is affecting about 50 million people so far. Without the snow melt, the drought is going
to persist. So far, we`re in our fourth year of drought and scientists say we need about
11 trillion gallons of rainwater to get us out of this crisis. So just how much water is that? Well, CNN calculated you had to have enough
water to fill the Dallas Cowboys stadium 14,000 times. So what are we going to do about it? We`re going to basically have to change our
behavior. One example, changing over from water thirsty
grass lawns to something like this — drought-resistant xeriscape landscapes. The government wants
to change over 50 million square feet of California lawns. And they`re paying homeowners to do
it. And then there`s California`s biggest water
user, the agricultural industry. The Central Valley is known as the salad bowl of the world,
providing more than 50 percent of America`s produce and 80 percent of the world`s almonds. The federal government allocates water to
California farms and their allotment has been cut to zero because of the drought. But the state has been criticized for not
making major cuts to agriculture. However, farmers are already hurting, some of them
having to let major crops die and hundreds of thousands of acres of land go unused. If you live on the other side of the country,
you may not notice anything, at least immediately. But eventually, food prices will go up as
California`s water resources drop. The Aviators, The Ganders and The Scorpions,
these are the mascots of today`s Roll Call. Alfonza W. Davis Middle School is in Omaha,
Nebraska. It`s where The Aviators are taking flight over The Cornhusker State. Roundout Valley High School is next. It`s
in Accord, New York. It`s where The Ganders are taking a gander at our show. And in the capital of Jordan, hello to The
Scorpions of The American Community School. They`re watching from Amman. There`s been an outbreak of flu in Chicago.
Symptoms are similar to most flu viruses — fever, cough, exhaustion, congestion. It lasts for
a couple of weeks. But it`s not affecting people, it`s affecting dogs. More than 1,000
of them, according to The Cook County Department of Animal and Rabies Control. Veterinarians
say it`s not usually deadly and it`s not common, but when it does hit, it`s very contagious. What can pet owners do about this? We`ve seen a significantly increased resp
— amount of respiratory cases here such that we have had about 10 to 15 cases a day. We see them coughing, sneezing, having nasal
discharge, having a fever, being lethargic and not wanting to eat. But there`s a very
high spread rate of up to 60 to 80 percent. And in terms of an unvaccinated population,
we can almost see 100 percent of dogs getting affecting. The mortality rate is 1 to 5 percent. Prevention,
I think, is going to be key in reducing the increase of illness that we`re seeing. So
we`re asking dog owners to not take their dogs to doggie day care, to not take their
dogs for boarding, to not go into situations where there`s many dogs in close proximity. So groomers, that includes dog parks, dog
beaches, which we have here in Chicago, and other, you know, doggie events that — that
have a lot of dogs in close proximity. We had an outbreak in Chicago in 2008 and
from what they described, this is nowhere near as serious. It kind of think is this going to be the week
we`re going to see less cases, is this going to be the week? I think only time is going to tell. Time for the Shoutout. Between what two countries would you find
the Chunnel? You know what to do. Is it China and India, Sweden and Denmark,
Chile and Argentina, or Britain and France? You`ve got three seconds. Go. The Channel Tunnel, also known as the Chunnel,
connects Britain and France. That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout. The Chunnel, the Channel Tunnel, the Euro
Tunnel is actually three tunnels. Two are for trains, one is for service and security.
It stretches more than 31 miles under the English Channel. And when it was built in
the 1980s and `90s, it went way over budget, costing billions of euros. A proposed tunnel
connecting Denmark and Germany wouldn`t be as long, but it could be the longest that
included both a road and a rail line. A new underwater tunnel could help travelers
going from Copenhagen, Denmark to Hamburg, Germany cut their travel time by about two
hours. That`s the idea behind a proposed 11 mile
tunnel called Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link. Builders say it would be the world`s longest combination
road and rail tunnel. According to its Web site, the tunnel would
cut crossing time across The Baltic Sea from a 45 minute ferry ride to only seven to 10
minutes in a car or a train. Here`s how they plan to build it. Concrete sections of the tunnel will be built
on land then floated out to sea. A trench will be dug on the ocean floor about 100 feet
down. The concrete sections will be dropped into the trench, followed by other sections,
until the tunnel is complete. Finally, the sections will be buried. If built,
this tunnel would be about a third as long as the Chunnel rail tunnel, which connects
England and France. Estimated price tag, $10 billion. A bill approving the project has passed in
Denmark`s parliament. But some opposition remains in Germany. Germany will finance its
own rail and road construction for the tunnel, which the Web site says should be finished
by 2024. Some designers in San Francisco recently wanted
to spruce up the walls of their office. So they grabbed about 8,000 Post-It Notes and
got to work. Over the course of about 12 hours, employees constructed cartoonish, but still
life-sized depictions of superheroes j Wonder Woman, Super Man, Captain America, Spider
Man. If they thought the project looked good on paper, it turned out pretty well in paper. Of course, it won`t stick around forever.
The paste of the pasted Post-It Notes is supposed to be a tempostrary posting. But it won`t
post a problem for painters and it`s a great way to show company adhesion. I`m Carl Azuz. We`ll post another show for you on Thursday.

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