AP Euro: Second Industrial Revolution

AP Euro: Second Industrial Revolution



hi and welcome to AP European history today we're going to take a look at the second Industrial Revolution now the first Industrial Revolution really brought us the factories and we're going to talk a little bit about that just to review but the Second Industrial Revolution brings us to a real turning point in the history of Europe prior to this point it was the rich it was the wealthy it was the well-born who really had everything but now entering into the late 19th century we enter a point where most Europeans or at least many Europeans are going to benefit from industrialization they're going to have more to buy they're going to have more to spend they're going to have more leisure time so lots of these things are what we're going to look at and in order to do that we kind of have to divide things up a little bit into a few different segments so today's video is going to take a look at the new inventions of the Second Industrial Revolution it's going to look at some of the trade that goes on and what countries do in the wake of all of this and it's going to look at the role of women a little bit so sit back relax and enjoy as we look at the second Industrial Revolution some people call this the age of progress really what they say is that technology that's developed at this time drives a new society in Europe and that society is really characterized by a belief in the idea that Europe is consistently moving forward that with every new technological innovation that they're advancing and towards a more perfect society and it's that belief in progress that drives this entire period make things clear Europe goes through two industrial revolutions the first in the early 1800s is characterized by textiles railroads iron and coal and steam power to get the whole thing going now the Second Industrial Revolution is going to rely on things like steel production steel production is really pushed by the Germans and by 1910 they're actually out producing British production altogether it's also characterized by chemistry so that chemicals are being produced for all kinds of different uses so why is it the Germany is able to outpace Britain well here's the deal Britain had really been on the forefront of the first Industrial Revolution and they put all of their technology and all of their money and all of their investment into those technologies Germany's starting off a little bit behind and so they're able to invest easier in the new technologies you know it's hard to teach an old dog new tricks and you might notice that people who tend to be older or countries that tend to be older tend to be a little more stuck in their ways and it's the younger newer ones that drive innovation that's what happened here so to get back to our story by the late 1870s electricity was now being available electricity we have to sit back and think about this for a second because before this the only way to light the night for the whole of human history was fire and now electricity brings all kinds of new things the light bulb changes the way that we view the night the telephone improves communication person-to-person Radio is invented allowing us to communicate to large groups of people and we start to see the rise of electric railroads streetcars subways trolleys all those kinds of things they all come from electricity it also happened to make factory work a whole lot easier and it gave the advantage so that those countries that didn't have coal deposits we're now able to industrialize so everyone could do it and of course come with the internal combustion engine which starts the car movement initially for the very rich but as we know from American history made for everybody by Henry Ford so those are the major new technological innovations of the Second Industrial Revolution now we got to take a look at how they affect the economy how they affect the markets in Europe how they affect the people in Europe and how they affect the women in Europe so as these countries in Europe are starting to industrialize they try to protect their own markets inside their own countries by setting up protective tariffs in other words they tax all the goods coming from other countries that leads to all kinds of problems but eventually where this is going to go is the creation of a global economy here and this is something we still talk about today global leaders today come together to talk about the impact of things on the global economy and it's actually happening here so by the late 19th century we see a real divide between the East and the West in Europe Western Europe is industrialized they have big cities and lots of factories and lots of things being made whereas Eastern Europe and southern Europe are still more agricultural and they rely on growing products mostly food items in order to create their economy now this is going to be huge not just in the developments of the country but also in their ability to compete when it comes to business and finally in this video we're gonna talk about women now women have new opportunities in the workplace here too they work as telephone operators they work as teachers now unfortunately what happens is the jobs like this get the stigma of being women's work so men shy away from them for quite a long time for many lower-class women who can't get those kinds of jobs the only thing they have open to them is prostitution now this is often licensed or regulated by the countries but it can lead to a lot of problems the most notorious is of course the horrific murders of Jack the Ripper that happened in 1888 but look the story of Jack the Ripper is all a whole different story that could take an entire film or two or three depending how deeply we wanted to get into it there's tons of stuff out there about this really ghastly series of murders but what I wanted to get across to you today is some of the major changes that happened in the late 19th century in Europe and I hope you've gotten that now next time we're going to take a look at how workers respond to all these changes so I hope you tune in for that until then I hope you enjoyed this please subscribe to these videos and keep tuning in till next time I'm Paul Sargent have a great day

5 thoughts on “AP Euro: Second Industrial Revolution

  1. Somewhat informative video. I expected more for AP. The kinks in audio need to be worked on since it's louder when graphics are shown. Also the info on prostitution and serial killer seemed irrelevant.

  2. Hey Paul, I like your videos and have noticed since your first one that you are improving on your video taking skills. Your voice and order of information keeps people intrigued, but One thing I would suggest is investing into a better microphone. Sometimes it gets really quiet and I can barely hear 🙂 keep the videos going man!

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